|Publication number||CN101564220 B|
|Application number||CN 200810070922|
|Publication date||16 Mar 2011|
|Filing date||21 Apr 2008|
|Priority date||21 Apr 2008|
|Also published as||CN101564220A|
|Publication number||200810070922.4, CN 101564220 B, CN 101564220B, CN 200810070922, CN-B-101564220, CN101564220 B, CN101564220B, CN200810070922, CN200810070922.4|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Classifications (1), Legal Events (3)|
|External Links: SIPO, Espacenet|
拉链滑块及使用该拉链滑块的拉链头 Zipper slider and use the zipper slider zipper
 本发明涉及一种拉链滑块及使用该拉链滑块的拉链头，特别是一种可拆卸拉片的自锁式拉链滑块及使用该拉链滑块的拉链头。  The present invention relates to the use of a slide fastener slider and the slider fastener slider, in particular a detachable pull tab is self-locking fastener using the slider fastener slider and zipper.
 目前，存在着多种可拆卸拉片的自锁式拉链头。  Currently, there are a variety of self-locking detachable pull tab zipper pulls. 这些拉链头一方面可以在使用时完成对链带的自锁功能，另一方面容许使用者方便地拆卸和更换拉片。 The zipper on the one hand can complete the chain with self-locking function is in use, on the other hand allows users to easily remove and replace the tab. 例如，1989年5月16日公告的专利号为4，829，638的美国发明专利即揭示了一种可拆卸拉片的自锁式拉链头的滑块。 For example, the May 16, 1989 announcement of US Patent No. 4,829,638 patent that discloses a removable pull-tab slider self-locking zipper heads. 该拉链滑块具有一上翼板及一下翼板，该上、下翼板通过一导柱连接，该上翼板于该导柱的上方设有一连接凸耳。 The zipper has a slider on a wing and a lower wing, the upper and lower wings connected by a guide post, the upper wing has a connection lugs at the top of the guide post. 一弧形拉片保持件的前端固定在该连接凸耳上，其后端与该上翼板之间形成一间隙。 A curved front end of the pull-tab holding member is fixed to the connecting lug, is formed a gap between the rear end and the upper wing. 该拉链滑块还包括一自锁马钩及一间隙封闭件。 The slide fastener slider further including a self-locking hook and a horse gap closure. 该自锁马钩用于完成该拉链滑块的自锁功能；该间隙封闭件用于封闭和开启该拉片保持件与该上翼板之间的间隙，以便使用者拆卸和更换拉片。 The self-locking hook horse to complete the self-locking zipper sliders; the gap closure for closing the gap and open the pull-tab retainer between the upper wing, so that the user to remove and replace the tab.
 然而，为了实现拆卸拉片和自锁这两种功能，该拉链滑块需要分别设置自锁马钩和间隙封闭件，所需零件较多、结构较为复杂，而且也不利于该拉链滑块后续的组装操作。  However, in order to achieve self-locking demolition tab and these two functions, you need to set the zipper slider horse self-locking hook and the gap closure, parts needed more structure is more complex and is not conducive to the zipper Slider subsequent assembly operations.
 有鉴于此，有必要提供一种结构简单、便于组装的拉链滑块及使用该拉链滑块的拉链头。  In view of this, it is necessary to provide a simple structure, ease of assembly and use of the slide fastener slider fastener slider zippers.
 一种拉链滑块，包括滑块体、弹性元件及自锁元件，该滑块体上设有拉片挡块及通孔，该拉片挡块的一端与该滑块体连接，该拉片挡块的另一端与该滑块体之间形成间隙以供拉片的拉杆穿过，该拉片挡块上设有穿孔，该自锁元件上设有抵接部及马钩部，该自锁元件可转动地枢接在该拉片挡块的穿孔内，该弹性元件分别与该滑块体及该自锁元件的抵接部连接，对该自锁元件施加弹性力以使该自锁元件的马钩部插置于该滑块体的通孔内，该滑块体对应该自锁元件的抵接部设有让位槽，该让位槽与该拉片挡块的穿孔连通，操作时， 通过旋转该自锁元件可使该自锁元件的马钩部位于该滑块体的通孔之上以供拉片的拉杆穿过。  A zipper slider, slider body including elastic components and self-locking device with a pull tab stops and vias on the slider body, the pull tab stops end connected to the slider body, The tab stops between the other end of the slider body with a gap for the rod through the tab, the tab has a piercing on the stopper, the self-locking element is provided on the contact portion and horse hook The self-locking element is rotatably pivoted in the pull tab perforated stopper, the elastic elements are connected to the abutting portion of the slider body and the self-locking element, the elastic force is applied so that the self-locking element The self-locking hook portion Ma element interposed in the through-hole of the slider body, the slider body to be since the contact portion is provided with a lock member to make way groove, which gives way to the pull-tab groove stopper perforation communicating, when operating, by rotating the self-locking element can make the self-locking hook horse element located above the through hole of the slider member for the lever on the pull-tab passes through.
 一种拉链头，包括拉链滑块及拉片，该拉片上设有拉杆，该拉链滑块包括滑块体、 弹性元件及自锁元件，该滑块体上设有拉片挡块及通孔，该拉片挡块的一端与该滑块体连接，该拉片挡块的另一端与该滑块体之间形成间隙以供该拉片的拉杆穿过，该拉片挡块上设有穿孔，该自锁元件上设有抵接部及马钩部，该自锁元件可转动地枢接在该拉片挡块的穿孔内，该弹性元件分别与该滑块体及该自锁元件的抵接部连接，对该自锁元件施加弹性力以使该自锁元件的马钩部插置于该滑块体的通孔内，该滑块体对应该自锁元件的抵接部设有让位槽，该让位槽与该拉片挡块的穿孔连通，操作时，通过旋转该自锁元件可使该自锁元件的马钩部位于该滑块体的通孔之上以供拉片的拉杆穿过。  A zipper head, including the zipper slider and pull tab, the tab has a lever on the zipper slider includes a slider body, elastic components and self-locking device with a pull tab stops on the slider body and a through hole, one end of the pull tab is connected to the stopper of the slider body, a gap is formed for the pull-tab between the other end of the rod through the stopper of the pull tab with the slider body, the pull tab stopper provided with perforations, the self-locking element is provided on the contact portion and the hook portion Ma, the self-locking element is rotatably pivoted in the pull tab perforated stopper, the elastic member and the slider body, respectively, and the abutting portions of the self-locking element is connected, the elastic force is applied to the self-locking member to allow the hook portion of the horse's self-locking element interposed in the through-hole of the slider body, the slider body to be self-locking element is brought into contact portion has given way grooves, the grooves give way communication with the stopper of the pull tab perforation operation, by rotating the self-locking hook member can horse self-locking element is located in the through hole of the slider body to pull the lever for the piece through.
 与现有技术相比，该拉链滑块通过该自锁元件及弹性元件在该滑块体的穿孔内的设置，使得该自锁元件的马钩部经过操作可高于该滑块体的通孔，以便一拉片的拉杆从中穿过。  Compared with the prior art, the auto-lock slide fastener slider by the elastic member and the piercing element provided in the slider body such that the hook portion of the horse's self-locking element of the slider through the operation may be higher than through porous body, a pull tab of the lever so as to pass therethrough. 从而在确保自锁功能的前提下实现拉片的组装和更换，具有结构简单的优点。 Enabling the assembly and replace the tab under the premise of ensuring self-locking function, with the advantages of simple structure. 另外， 该拉链滑块不必如现有技术设置间隙封闭件，所需元件较少，便于组装。 Further, the slide fastener slider having to be closed as in the prior art a gap member, requires less components, easy to assemble. 该拉链头由于使用了上述拉链滑块，可以通过简单的手工操作，旋转该滑块体的自锁元件，使该自锁元件的马钩部向上抬起以实现拉片的更换，具有操作简单的优点。 The zipper slider zipper due to the use of the above, can be a simple manual operation, rotating self-locking element of the slider body, so that the self-locking hook horse element lifted to enable replacement of the tab, with a simple operation advantages.
附图说明 Brief Description
 下面结合附图及具体实施例对本发明作进一步的说明：  below with reference to the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments of the present invention is further illustrated:
 图1是本发明拉链滑块第一实施例的立体分解图。  FIG. 1 is a perspective exploded view of a slide fastener slider according to the first embodiment.
 图2是图1所示拉链滑块的立体组装图。  FIG. 2 is a perspective assembly view of a slider fastener 1 shown in FIG.
 图3是沿图2中AA线的剖视图。  FIG. 3 is a sectional view taken along line AA in FIG 2.
 图4是图1所示拉链滑块组装拉片时的操作示意图。  FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the operating slide fastener slider pull tab assembly shown in Fig.
 图5是图1所示拉链滑块组装拉片后的示意图  FIG. 5 is a schematic diagram fastener slider after the pull tab assembly shown in Figure 1
 图6是本发明拉链头第一实施例的立体组装图。  FIG. 6 is a perspective assembly view of the slider of the first embodiment of the present invention.
 图7是图6所示拉链头的使用状态示意图。  FIG. 7 is a use of the slider 6 a schematic view of the state shown in FIG.
 图8是本发明拉链滑块第二实施例的示意图。  Figure 8 is a schematic view of a second embodiment of slider for slide fastener of the present invention.
 图9是本发明拉链滑块第三实施例的示意图。  FIG. 9 is a schematic view of a third embodiment of the slide fastener slider of the invention.
具体实施方式 DETAILED DESCRIPTION
 图1所示为本发明拉链滑块第一实施例的立体分解图。  Figure 1 shows a perspective exploded view of the present invention a slide fastener slider of the first embodiment. 该拉链滑块100包括一滑块体10、一弹性元件20、一自锁元件30及一转轴40。 The slide fastener slider 100 includes a slider body 10, an elastic member 20, a self-locking member 30 and a shaft 40. 该弹性元件20及该自锁元件30依次组装在该滑块体10上（如图2及3所示）。 The elastic member 20 and the self-locking member 30 are sequentially assembled on the slider body 10 (shown in FIG. 2 and 3).
 请参照图1及图3，该滑块体10包括一上翼板12及一下翼板14，该上翼板12及下翼板14之间通过一导柱16连接，从而形成一大致呈Y形的滑道以供一拉链的链齿（图未示）通过。  Referring to Figure 1 and Figure 3, the slider body 10 comprises an upper wing 12 and a lower flap 14, connecting the upper wing plate and lower wing plate 12 between 14 and 16 by a guide post, to form a a generally Y-shaped guide rails for a slide fastener of the fastener (not shown) through. 该上翼板12上设有一拉片挡块18及一通孔122，该拉片挡块18整体呈弧形长条状结构，该通孔122相对该导柱16位于该上翼板12的后端。 The upper wing has a pull tab 12 stopper 18 and a through hole 122, the tab stops 18 overall curved elongated structure, the through-hole 122 relative to the guide pin 16 is located on the rear of the wing 12 end. 该拉片挡块18的一端一体形成在该上翼板12上且位于该导柱16的上方，该拉片挡块18的另一端与该上翼板12之间形成一间隙11 (如图3所示）。 The stopper tab 18 is integrally formed at one end of the upper wing 12 and is positioned above the guide post 16, the pull tab is formed between the stopper 12 and the other end 18 of the upper wing with a gap 11 (FIG. Fig 3). 该拉片挡块18的中部竖直贯穿设有一长条状穿孔182， 该穿孔182用于容置该自锁元件30。 The pull tab 18 stops throughout Central has an elongated vertical perforations 182, 182 for receiving the perforation of the self-locking element 30. 该拉片挡块18与该上翼板12相连接的一端横向设有一轴孔184。 The pull tab at one end with the stopper 18 connected to the upper wing 12 is provided with a shaft hole 184 transversely. 请参照图3，该滑块体10于该导柱16的上端设有一让位槽162及一抵接槽164，该让位槽162及该抵接槽164分别与该拉片挡块18的穿孔182连通。 Referring to Figure 3, the slider body 10 at the upper end of the guide post 16 is provided with a groove 162 and a given way abuts groove 164, the groove 162 and the giving way groove 164, respectively, abutting the stopper 18 of the pull tab perforation 182 connectivity.
 请参照图1及图3，该弹性元件20为一弹簧。  Referring to Figure 1 and Figure 3, the elastic member 20 is a spring. 该自锁元件30为一片状结构，该自锁元件30的中部设有一轴孔32，该自锁元件30的一端形成一抵接部34，另一端向下延伸形成一马钩部36。 The self-locking member 30 is a sheet-like structure, the center of the self-locking member 30 is provided with a shaft hole 32, a contact portion 34 of the latching member 30 is formed at one end, the other end of the downwardly extending hook portion 36 is formed on a horse. 该自锁元件30的抵接部34的顶端设有一凹槽342。 The abutting portion 30 of the top self-locking member 34 is provided with a recess 342.
 请参照图1至图3，组装该拉链滑块100时，首先，将该弹性元件20的一端固定在滑块体10的抵接槽164内。  Referring to Figure 1 to Figure 3, when assembling the slide fastener slider 100, first of all, the end of the elastic member 20 is secured within the groove 164 abuts on the slider body 10. 接着，将该自锁元件30收容在该拉片挡块18的穿孔182内， 使该自锁元件30的马钩部36穿过该上翼板12的通孔122并伸入该拉链滑块100的Y形滑道内，同时，该抵接部34抵压在该弹性元件20的另一端上。 Subsequently, the self-locking element 30 is accommodated in the stopper tab 18 of the perforation 182, so that the self-locking element 30 of the hook portion 36 horse through the through hole 12 of the upper wing 122 and into the slider fastener the Y-shaped guide rails 100, while the contact portion 34 is pressed against the other end of the elastic element 20. 最后，使该转轴40穿过该拉片挡块18的轴孔184及该自锁元件30的轴孔32，将该自锁元件30可转动地枢接在该滑块 Finally, so that the shaft 40 through the pull tab stopper shaft hole 18 and the shaft hole 184 of the self-locking element 30 of 32, the self-locking element 30 is rotatably pivoted on the slider
4体10的穿孔182内（如图2及图3所示)。 Perforations 182 4 body 10 (FIG. 2 and FIG. 3).
 请参照图4至图6，在向该拉链滑块100组装一拉片50形成一拉链头200时，可以用一螺丝刀60从外部伸入该拉片挡块18的穿孔182，直接抵接在该自锁元件30的凹槽342上。  Please refer to FIG. 4 to FIG. 6, the assembly 100 to a fastener slider pull tab 50 is formed of a slider 200, can use a screwdriver to the pull-tab 60 extending into the stopper 18 from the outside perforations 182, direct abuts on the groove 342 of the self-locking element 30. 接着，向下按压该自锁元件30的凹槽342，克服该弹性元件20的弹性力，使该自锁元件30沿该转轴40旋转。 Next, pressing down the self-locking element 30 of the recess 342, against the elastic force of the elastic element 20, so that the self-locking element 30 along the shaft 40 rotates. 由于该滑块体10的让位槽164提供了一让位空间，位于该转轴40另一侧的马钩部36将向上抬起直至位于该滑块体10的通孔122之上（如图4所示）。 Since the slider body 10 to make way groove 164 provides a space to make way, the hook portion of the horse is located on the other side of the rotary shaft 40 will be lifted up until 36 located through hole 122 of the slider body 10 above (FIG. Figure 4). 此时，可使该拉片50的拉杆52依次穿过该间隙11及该自锁元件30，进入该拉片挡块18 及该自锁元件30内。 In this case, make the pull tab 50 of the rod 52 in order to pass through the gap 11 and the self-locking element 30, enter the tab inside the stopper 18 and the self-locking element 30. 在该拉片50到位之后，松开该螺丝刀60，该弹性元件20将向上抵顶该自锁元件30的抵接部34，使该自锁元件30的马钩部36下落并穿入该上翼板12的通孔122内，从而完成该拉链头200的组装（如图5及图6所示）。 After the pull tab 50 in place, release the screwdriver 60, the elastic element 20 excess is up to the self-locking element 30 abutting portion 34, so that the self-locking hook element 36 horses and 30 penetrate the upper whereabouts the through hole 122 of the flaps 12, thereby completing assembly of the fastener head 200 (shown in FIG. 5 and FIG. 6). 反之，通过上述螺丝刀60的操作也可以完成该拉片50的拆卸。 Conversely, by operating the aforementioned driver bit 60 and to be completed the pull tab 50 of disassembly. 可以理解的，在该抵接部34较短的情况下，该滑块体10 也可以不用设置该让位槽162。 Be appreciated that, in the contact portion 34 is short, the slider body 10 may give way without providing the groove 162. 另外，旋转该自锁元件30的方法也可以有多种，例如，可以使一杆状体（图未示）伸入该自锁元件30与该上翼板12之间，利用该杆状体向上抵顶该自锁元件30即可使该马钩部36抬起。 The method of addition, the rotation of the self-locking member 30 can have a variety of, for example, allows a rod-shaped body (not shown) extending into the self-locking element 30 between the upper wing 12, the use of the rod-shaped body Up the excess of the self-locking element 30 so that the horse can lift hook portion 36.
 请参照图5及图7，在使用该拉链头200时，该拉链头200的自锁状态如图5所示， 该自锁元件30受到该弹性元件20的弹性抵顶，该自锁元件30的马钩部36穿过该上翼板12的通孔122插设于一拉链链带的相邻链牙（图未示）之间，将该拉链头200锁固在该拉链链带之上。  Referring to Figure 5 and Figure 7, in use of the fastener head 200, the locked state of the slider 200. As shown, the self-locking element 30 by the elasticity of the elastic element 5 the excess 20, which is self- Ma hook portion 36 of the lock member 30 through the through hole 12 of the upper wing plate 122 interposed between adjacent coupling elements of a slide fastener tape (not shown), the locking zipper head 200 in the slide fastener chain band above. 拉动该拉链头200时，请参照图7，可以斜向上提拉该拉片50，通过该拉片50 的拉杆52将该自锁元件30的马钩部36抬起，使该拉链滑块100松开对拉链链带的自锁。 When pulling the zipper 200, refer to Figure 7, can oblique pulling the pull tab 50, by the rod of the pull tab 50 of the 52 self-locking element 36 horses lift hook 30, so that the zipper slider 100 Loosen the self-locking of the fastener tape. 接着，该拉片50的拉杆52与该拉链滑块100的拉片挡块18接触，带动该拉链滑块100移动。 Then, the pull tab 50 of the rod 52 and the slider zipper pull tab 100 contacts stopper 18, led the zipper slider 100 moves.
 请参照图7，在拉动该拉链头200的过程中，该自锁元件30的马钩部36始终位于该上翼板12的通孔122内，使得该拉片50的拉杆52始终处于该自锁元件30、该上翼板12 及该拉片挡块18组成的封闭空间内。  Referring to Figure 7, in the process of pulling the fastener head 200, the horse portion of the self-locking hook 36 of member 30 is always located within the through hole 12 of the upper wing plate 122, so that the pull tab 50 of lever 52 is always within the self-locking element 30 is in the upper blade 12 and the stopper 18 consisting of the pull tab in the closed space. 这就有效地增强了该拉链头200操作的可靠性，确保该拉片50不会意外脱出。 This effectively enhances the reliability of the zipper 200 operations, to ensure that the pull tab 50 will not accidentally come out. 另外，请参照图5，在该拉链头200处于自锁状态时，该拉片50的拉杆52位于该自锁元件30、该上翼板12及该拉片挡块18组成的封闭空间内，使得该拉片50不会因为自身的摆动或其他外力的作用而意外脱出，从而有效提高该拉链头200使用的可靠性。 Also, refer to FIG. 5, when the slider 200 is in the locked state, the pull tab 50 of lever 52 is located in the self-locking member 30, the upper blade 12 and the stopper tab 18 composed of the closed space, so that the pull tab 50 is not because of their role in the swing or other external forces unexpectedly emerge, thus effectively improve the reliability of the use of the slider 200.
 由以上叙述可知，该拉链滑块100通过该自锁元件30、弹性元件20在该滑块体10 穿孔182内的设置，使得该自锁元件30经过旋转，其马钩部36可高于该上翼板12的通孔122，使该拉片50的拉杆52可以穿过该间隙11及该自锁元件30，完成该拉片50的组装或拆卸。  From the above described, the slide fastener slider 100 30, the elastic member 20 perforation member 10 disposed within the slider 182 by the self-locking element, such that the self-locking member 30 rotated, the hook portion 36 thereof can horse above the upper wing 12 of the through hole 122, so that the pull tab 50 of lever 52 can pass through the gap 11 and the self-locking member 30, the pull tab 50 to complete the assembly or disassembly. 相比现有技术，该拉链滑块100省去了间隙封闭件的设置，具有结构简单的优点。 Compared to the prior art, the slide fastener slider 100 eliminates a gap closure, having advantages of simple structure. 该拉链头200的自锁元件30的抵接部34上设有凹槽342，操作者组装或拆卸拉片50时可使用工具如螺丝刀60从外部伸入该滑块体10的穿孔182，直接按压该抵接部34的凹槽342， 克服该弹性元件20的弹性力，迫使该自锁元件30旋转并抬起该自锁元件30的马钩部36， 具有操作简便的优点。 Self-locking element of the fastener head 200 is provided on the contact portion 30 of the groove 34 342, an operator assembling or disassembling the pull-tab 50 can use a tool such as a screwdriver 60 extends into perforations 182 of the slider body 10 from the outside, directly the recess 342 presses the abutting portion 34, against the elastic force of the elastic member 20, forcing the self-locking member 30 to rotate and lift the horse hook portion 36 of the self-locking element 30, having the advantages of easy operation.
 请参照图8，其所示为本发明拉链滑块第二实施例的示意图，该拉链滑块IOOa与本发明第一实施例的不同之处在于，该自锁元件30的抵接部34a向下延伸形成一长条状， 该导柱16a对应该抵接部34a设有一让位槽162a，该导柱16a上横向设有一抵接槽164a。  Referring to Figure 8, a schematic diagram of a second embodiment of the present invention as shown in Example fastener slider, different from the first embodiment of the present invention with the fastener slider IOOa in that the self-locking member 30 is in contact portion 34a extending downward to form a long strip, which should guide posts 16a of the abutting portion 34a has a groove to make way 162a, on the guide posts 16a has a transverse slot abutting 164a. 该弹性元件20横向设置在该抵接槽164a内并与该自锁元件30的抵接部34a抵接。 The elastic member 20 transversely disposed within the groove 164a and the abutment with the lock since the contact portion 34a of member 30 abuts. 通过该弹性元件20的横向设置，该拉链滑块IOOa同样能完成自锁及拆卸拉片的功能。 By the elastic member 20 is disposed transversely, the same fastener slider IOOa complete self-locking function and removal of the pull tab.  请参照图9，其所示为本发明拉链滑块第三实施例的示意图，该拉链滑块IOOb与本发明第一实施例的不同之处在于，该自锁元件30的抵接部34b向下延伸形成一长条状， 该导柱16b对应该抵接部34b设有一抵顶槽162b。  Referring to Figure 9, a schematic view of the present invention shown in its fastener slider according to a third embodiment, differs from the first embodiment of the present invention with the fastener slider IOOb in that the self-locking member 30 is in contact portion 34b extends downward to form a long strip, which should guide column 16b for abutting the excess portion 34b has a groove 162b. 该弹性元件20b为一具有两支撑臂的“V”形弹片结构，该弹性元件20b的其中一支撑臂固定在该导柱16b的抵顶槽162b内，另一支撑臂与该抵接部34b抵接。 20b is a support arm having two "V" shaped configuration of the resilient dome member, wherein the elastic member 20b is fixed to a support arm in the guide grooves 162b 16b abut against the column, and the other support arm and the abutment portion 34b abutment. 通过该弹性元件20b的设置，该拉链滑块IOOb同样能完成自锁及拆卸拉片的功能，而且，由于该弹性元件20b为V形弹片，能够满足该自锁元件30的抵接部34b的较大转动角度的要求，使该拉链滑块IOOb的操作更加稳定。 By setting the elastic element 20b, the slide fastener slider IOOb same to complete self-locking function and removal of the pull tab, and, since the elastic member 20b is V-shaped dome, able to meet the self-contact portion 34b of the lock member 30 the larger the angle of rotation of the requirements, so that the slide fastener slider IOOb operation more stable.
|28 Oct 2009||C06||Publication|
|14 Apr 2010||C10||Request of examination as to substance|
|16 Mar 2011||C14||Granted|